Traditional Roofs: Styles, Materials and Do-it-Yourself Tips
Prepare the Roof Deck
Remember, working on the rooftop is dangerous, make sure your scaffolding and ladders are in good condition! If you are going for traditional roofing, you first need to prepare the roof deck. The roof deck is the overlay above the rafters and below the shingles. If you need to remove old shingles from your roof, use a garden fork (or a shingle fork if you have one). Pull the remaining nails out with a hammer. Then add building felt (or tar paper) to the roof before you lay down new shingles. Some underlays have printed lines so you can keep materials straight.
Shingle Valleys Properly
When two roof planes meet, they can form a hip or a valley. Hips are seams that jut out, while valleys are concave. It is important that valleys are properly sealed so that water does not leak. If you are new to roof construction, take special care with valleys. There are two approach you can take when applying shingles: you can create an open valley or a closed valley. An open valley has a trough to collect water that runs down the roof. A closed valley is covered, and the water simply runs down the shingles. Both methods work wonderfully, but I would recommend a closed valley since materials have improved. Closed valleys are also popular because of rubberized ice shield shingles
Try Racking Shingles
If you are shingling a roof, try the racking method. Racking is used by construction workers to lay as many shingles as possible without moving across the roof. When you nail down the first row of shingles as far as you can reach, do the second row, the third row, and so forth. Make sure that you leave the end tab unfastened, that way when you move, the first row single can slide under a loose end. I would recommend that you work up each row this way. While racking is a fast method, it does have its downsides. If your shingles vary in color, the racked areas may look slightly different. Also you may forget to fasten the shingle ends since you are working quickly.
Use the Right Nails
You will need to get the right nails before you start shingling your roof. Roof nails are 1 to 6 inches in length. The nail's thickness is proportional to the length, so the longer the nail, the thicker the nail. There are three types of nails to consider: smooth shank, screw shank, and ring shank. I would recommend smooth shank nails if you want to save money. But unlike expensive alternatives, smooth shanks do not provide great support. Use screw shank nails for wood and pallet rooftops. Ring shank nails are larger than most nails. They are great for asphalt roofing felts. They also hold up in severe weather conditions.
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